North Pittsburgh, PA. 26. Music. Movies. Marxism.

 

boarboy:

inconsolable-grief:

in biblical days it took jesus three days to rise from death and return to his followers. with todays technology we believe this would have taken ten minutes tops

*jesus emerges from tomb* hi everyone it’s jesus- i remade..so, if you were a mutual before just send me a message, where are all my followers, 

And there it is. A nearly all-white crowd chanting to a nearly all-black crowd, “Shoot! Shoot! Shoot!” Contemporary racism encapsulated by an attempt to package it as support for the police, exposed by calls to shoot black men.

There are no words.

swarnpert:

punk: rebelling against authority

pop punk: rebelling against your parents because they won’t drive you to hot topic with your friends

rosaluxmemeburg:

(Image Source: A Companion to Marx’s Capital, David Harvey)
The commodity (an “external object … which through its qualities satisfies human needs of whatever kind” (Capital vol.1, p125, Penguin Edition) is the foundation by which capitalism should be understood, as capitalism is on the most basic level based around generalised commodity production, whereby “the wealth of societies … appears as an ‘immense collection of commodities’” (Capital, vol.1, p125).
The commodity has a dual-character: it is made up of both use-value and exchange-value. The use-value of commodities is heterogenous, meaning that they are differentiated from one another - for example, the use-value of a broom is different to the use-value of a shirt, etc. The exchange-value of commodities is homogenous by the fact that the exchange-value of a broom can be directly related to the exchange-value of a shirt (ie, the two can be exchanged on a quantitative level - ie x brooms = y books). The use-value is therefore a qualitative value whereas the exchange-value is a quantitative value.
These two forms of value can be understood in a unity as value. This value is determined by the level of socially-necessary labour time involved in the production of the commodity. This value is what gives exchange-value its homogeneity, and is recognised through the virtue of the commodity’s being of a use-value to someone (ie somebody needs or desires the commodity - if the commodity is not wanted or desired, it has no use value and thus cannot realise its exchange value).
Value, as socially-necessary labour time, also has a dual-character, then. Labour consists of both concrete labour and abstract labour. Concrete labour is, in the same way as use-value, heterogenous and qualitative through the fact that it involves differentiated products, commodities, techniques, materials, etc. Abstract labour is, instead, in the same way as exchange value, homogenous and quantitative. It produces value not by virtue of what or how it produces, but by virtue of simply being an expenditure of human labour. Commodities are directly exchangeable as a result of their common attribute of containing human labour in the abstract.
Abstract and concrete labour come together at the moment of exchange. Exchange being the way in which value can be expressed.
Through the act of exchange, value is expressed in both the relative form of value and the equivalent form of value. In exchange, one commodity will always represent the relative form while another the equivalent. One commodity always expresses its value in another commodity - this commodity’s value is represented as the relative form of value, whereas the second commodity (in which the first is being represented) acts as the equivalent of the first, and so is the equivalent form.
In the development of commodity exchange, a particular commodity comes to be expressed as a universal equivalent - that is, a commodity in which the value of all other commodities can be expressed as relative to it. This universal equivalent (generally gold or other precious metals) is known as the money commodity.

rosaluxmemeburg:

(Image Source: A Companion to Marx’s Capital, David Harvey)

The commodity (an “external object … which through its qualities satisfies human needs of whatever kind” (Capital vol.1, p125, Penguin Edition) is the foundation by which capitalism should be understood, as capitalism is on the most basic level based around generalised commodity production, whereby “the wealth of societies … appears as an ‘immense collection of commodities’” (Capital, vol.1, p125).

The commodity has a dual-character: it is made up of both use-value and exchange-value. The use-value of commodities is heterogenous, meaning that they are differentiated from one another - for example, the use-value of a broom is different to the use-value of a shirt, etc. The exchange-value of commodities is homogenous by the fact that the exchange-value of a broom can be directly related to the exchange-value of a shirt (ie, the two can be exchanged on a quantitative level - ie x brooms = y books). The use-value is therefore a qualitative value whereas the exchange-value is a quantitative value.

These two forms of value can be understood in a unity as value. This value is determined by the level of socially-necessary labour time involved in the production of the commodity. This value is what gives exchange-value its homogeneity, and is recognised through the virtue of the commodity’s being of a use-value to someone (ie somebody needs or desires the commodity - if the commodity is not wanted or desired, it has no use value and thus cannot realise its exchange value).

Value, as socially-necessary labour time, also has a dual-character, then. Labour consists of both concrete labour and abstract labour. Concrete labour is, in the same way as use-value, heterogenous and qualitative through the fact that it involves differentiated products, commodities, techniques, materials, etc. Abstract labour is, instead, in the same way as exchange value, homogenous and quantitative. It produces value not by virtue of what or how it produces, but by virtue of simply being an expenditure of human labour. Commodities are directly exchangeable as a result of their common attribute of containing human labour in the abstract.

Abstract and concrete labour come together at the moment of exchange. Exchange being the way in which value can be expressed.

Through the act of exchange, value is expressed in both the relative form of value and the equivalent form of value. In exchange, one commodity will always represent the relative form while another the equivalent. One commodity always expresses its value in another commodity - this commodity’s value is represented as the relative form of value, whereas the second commodity (in which the first is being represented) acts as the equivalent of the first, and so is the equivalent form.

In the development of commodity exchange, a particular commodity comes to be expressed as a universal equivalent - that is, a commodity in which the value of all other commodities can be expressed as relative to it. This universal equivalent (generally gold or other precious metals) is known as the money commodity.

gehayi:

fuckingradashell:

drwholvr:

101st-analborne:

fallbeil:

mugenstyle:

eccecorinna:

wrathofprawn:

for those not in the know, night witches were russian lady bombers who bombed the shit out of german lines in WW2. Thing is though, they had the oldest, noisiest, crappest planes in the entire world. The engines used to conk out halfway through their missions, so they had to climb out on the wings mid flight to restart the props. the planes were also so noisy that to stop germans from hearing them combing and starting up their anti aircraft guns, they’d climb up to a certain height, coast down to german positions, drop their bombs, restart their engines in midair, and get the fuck out of dodge.
their leader flew over 200 missions and was never captured.

how the fuck is this not taught in every single history class ever



pilots (◡‿◡✿) 
girl pilots (◕‿◕✿)
girl pilots killing nazis ✧・゚: *✧・゚:* \(◕ヮ◕✿)/ *:・゚✧*:・゚✧

But, remember, women never did anything in history.

I’m reblogging this again. Always reblogging. Always

This is so bad ass why don’t they teach you this shit. Like damn talk about putting your life on the line.

Actually, the Night Witches were even more badass than the OP said.
The planes? They were NOT noisy, nor were they in crappy shape. The women who maintained the planes did an incredible job under appalling circumstances:
The winter of 1942 was brutally cold, with temperatures plunging as low as -54F and countless snow storms. One night in March of that year the women were called upon to save the aircraft from being blown over by gale-force winds. Several women would literally lie on the wings and horizontal stabilizers of each plane, using the weight of their bodies to keep the planes from blowing away. When the wind subsided, the women looked like snowmen, but the planes were intact. Their respite was brief however. By noon the storm had resumed, and again the women rushed to the airfield to save the planes. The storm finally blew itself out around midnight, and the exhausted women, soaked to the skin and half frozen, could finally rest.
Also, the engines did NOT “conk out in mid-air.” Cutting the engines, gliding to the target, dropping bombs and then starting the engines again was one of the main tactics of the Night Witches. 
The Witches developed the technique of flying close to their intended targets, then cutting their engines. Silently they would glide to their targets and release their bombs. Then they would restart their engines and fly away. The first warning the Germans had of an impending raid was the sound of the wind whistling against the wing bracing wires of the Po-2s, and by then it was too late.
They also flew very close to the ground and made turns that were below the stalling speed of German planes. The planes themselves were non-reflective and emitted almost no heat. Tracking them and attacking them was extraordinarily difficult
As for the leader flying 200 missions? That’s nothing.
The 588th flew thousands of combat bombing missions. They fought non-stop for months, sometimes flying 15 to 18 missions on the same night. They flew obsolete Polikarpov Po-2 wooden biplanes that were otherwise used as trainers. They could only carry two bombs that weighed less than a ton altogether. Most of the women who survived the war had, by the end, flown almost a thousand missions each.
In conclusion? BAD. ASS.

gehayi:

fuckingradashell:

drwholvr:

101st-analborne:

fallbeil:

mugenstyle:

eccecorinna:

wrathofprawn:

for those not in the know, night witches were russian lady bombers who bombed the shit out of german lines in WW2. Thing is though, they had the oldest, noisiest, crappest planes in the entire world. The engines used to conk out halfway through their missions, so they had to climb out on the wings mid flight to restart the props. the planes were also so noisy that to stop germans from hearing them combing and starting up their anti aircraft guns, they’d climb up to a certain height, coast down to german positions, drop their bombs, restart their engines in midair, and get the fuck out of dodge.

their leader flew over 200 missions and was never captured.

how the fuck is this not taught in every single history class ever

pilots (◡‿◡✿) 

girl pilots (◕◕✿)

girl pilots killing nazis ✧・゚: *✧・゚:* \(◕◕✿)/ *:・゚✧*:・゚✧

But, remember, women never did anything in history.

I’m reblogging this again. Always reblogging. Always

This is so bad ass why don’t they teach you this shit. Like damn talk about putting your life on the line.

Actually, the Night Witches were even more badass than the OP said.

The planes? They were NOT noisy, nor were they in crappy shape. The women who maintained the planes did an incredible job under appalling circumstances:

The winter of 1942 was brutally cold, with temperatures plunging as low as -54F and countless snow storms. One night in March of that year the women were called upon to save the aircraft from being blown over by gale-force winds. Several women would literally lie on the wings and horizontal stabilizers of each plane, using the weight of their bodies to keep the planes from blowing away. When the wind subsided, the women looked like snowmen, but the planes were intact. Their respite was brief however. By noon the storm had resumed, and again the women rushed to the airfield to save the planes. The storm finally blew itself out around midnight, and the exhausted women, soaked to the skin and half frozen, could finally rest.

Also, the engines did NOT “conk out in mid-air.” Cutting the engines, gliding to the target, dropping bombs and then starting the engines again was one of the main tactics of the Night Witches. 

The Witches developed the technique of flying close to their intended targets, then cutting their engines. Silently they would glide to their targets and release their bombs. Then they would restart their engines and fly away. The first warning the Germans had of an impending raid was the sound of the wind whistling against the wing bracing wires of the Po-2s, and by then it was too late.

They also flew very close to the ground and made turns that were below the stalling speed of German planes. The planes themselves were non-reflective and emitted almost no heat. Tracking them and attacking them was extraordinarily difficult

As for the leader flying 200 missions? That’s nothing.

The 588th flew thousands of combat bombing missions. They fought non-stop for months, sometimes flying 15 to 18 missions on the same night. They flew obsolete Polikarpov Po-2 wooden biplanes that were otherwise used as trainers. They could only carry two bombs that weighed less than a ton altogether. Most of the women who survived the war had, by the end, flown almost a thousand missions each.

In conclusion? BAD. ASS.

majiinboo:

  • Do not forget Michael Brown
  • Do not forget how the media dehumanized him and tried to justify his murder
  • Do not forget how peaceful protests were painted as savage riots
  • Do not forget police armed with military grade weapons terrorized and arrested black civilians
  • Do not forget Darren Wilson being awarded over $400,000 in fundraiser donations for murdering an unarmed black child
  • Do not forget that this system was not built to defend us, but to control us
  • Do not forget Ferguson 
recall-all-republicans:

phoenix-ace:

girl-non-grata:

Please note: “everyone who works retail, admin, or labor” is pretty much everyone. I can’t remember the last time I worked somewhere without “security” cameras that monitored employees.

I’m having a good laugh right now because our associates just got collectively reprimanded for leaning on the counters during 8 hour shifts on their feet, because it isn’t “professional” looking.  So apparently they can put up with a camera over their shoulder to make sure they do their jobs correctly, but a cop with a gun cant?  

The people in retail get reprimanded for leaning on the counter, and yet a cop can execute someone and not even be arrested.

recall-all-republicans:

phoenix-ace:

girl-non-grata:

Please note: “everyone who works retail, admin, or labor” is pretty much everyone. I can’t remember the last time I worked somewhere without “security” cameras that monitored employees.

I’m having a good laugh right now because our associates just got collectively reprimanded for leaning on the counters during 8 hour shifts on their feet, because it isn’t “professional” looking.  So apparently they can put up with a camera over their shoulder to make sure they do their jobs correctly, but a cop with a gun cant?  

The people in retail get reprimanded for leaning on the counter, and yet a cop can execute someone and not even be arrested.

i can already tell today is going to be absolutely awful. i don’t want to wake up anymore.

HG Wells and Stalin

Stalin:  The Communists base themselves on rich historical experience which teaches that obsolete classes do not voluntarily abandon the stage of history.

Recall the history of England in the seventeenth century. Did not many say that the old social system had decayed? But did it not, nevertheless, require a Cromwell to crush it by force?

Wells:  Cromwell acted on the basis of the constitution and in the name of constitutional order.

Stalin:  In the name of the constitution he resorted to violence, beheaded the king, dispersed Parliament, arrested some and beheaded others!

Or take an example from our history. Was it not clear for a long time that the Tsarist system was decaying, was breaking down? But how much blood had to be shed in order to overthrow it?

And what about the October Revolution? Were there not plenty of people who knew that we alone, the Bolsheviks, were indicating the only correct way out? Was it not clear that Russian capitalism had decayed? But you know how great was the resistance, how much blood had to be shed in order to defend the October Revolution from all its enemies.

Or take France at the end of the eighteenth century. Long before 1789 it was clear to many how rotten the royal power, the feudal system, was. But a popular insurrection, a clash of classes was not, could not be avoided. Why? Because the classes which must abandon the stage of history are the last to become convinced that their role is ended. It is impossible to convince them of this. They think that the fissures in the decaying edifice of the old order can be repaired and saved.

That is why dying classes take to arms and resort to every means to save their existence as a ruling class.